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2009 Vol.2
Educational reform from the viewpoint of PISA and TIMSS International mathematics report


Today we are living in materialistic world that is rich in convenience tools which is a blessing to our comfortable life. Despite this situation, the slowdown of the world economy influence the Japanese society as well. Lately issues of children greatly drawn into fabricated virtual world are seriously accounted in newspaper.
About two years ago there was a striking report investigating the question: Which thing is critically important, ‘material affluence’ or ‘spiritual affluence’? (Yomiuri Newspaper; 9 August, 2006). All the 62 prefectural governors and mega-city mayors selected ‘spiritual affluence’ as the answer. This is an honest answer emotionally with respect to Japan’s present situation. Even though education is not bias those two, their opinion well represents the current standards for the sound growth of children. When considering the future of our country, it is most important to provide individuals abilityto act in good faith and does not impose inappropriate behavior to the others. Education is inevitablythe support and driving force of Japan’s future, if ever there was anything else.
As well as the aim of the previous two years national survey ‘Zenkoku Gakuryoku Gakusyu Zyokyo Tyosa (MEXT)’ in Japan, the aim of PISA and TIMSS International Mathematics Investigation is not the world competition. These surveys are resources to plan our future education through the impro- vement of the classroom lesson which could enhance children’s intellectual ability. On the claim of the establishment of creative nation through science and technology in Japan, the course of study (curriculum standards) was revised in 28 March, 2008.
In this paper, author intends to present a new direction, ‘to cultivate the foundations for an independent way of life within society and lay the foundation of individual intellectual to cultivate the zest for living’ from the viewpoint of science and mathematics education, in particular with great empha-sis in mathematics education and explain the national educational reform with reference to ‘Gimukyoiku-tosin’ ( Conference of the Central Council of Education; 26 October, 2005) and ‘Shingikeika-hokoku’ .