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Japan has played an important role, as one of the top donors in development field and has provided considerable ODA to nations across the globe since the 1990s. Aid policies have also been changed during this period, especially after Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness was adopted by DAC countries in 2003. Subsequent to the signing, most of the development actors (e.g. DAC donor countries, development countries, non-DAC donors, CSOs, and the private sectors) implemented aid projects/programs under 5 pillars of this declaration: harmonization, alignment, ownership, mutual accountability, and management for development results.
With respect to aid modality, budget support and grant-type aid become mainstream options and are supported by European donors who view harmonization as a top priority. Japan, on the contrary, take different viewpoints which budget support or pooled fund-type support are not the only way to achieve aid effectiveness and it would be essential to consider the mixture of budget support and project-type interventions including Technical Cooperation. However the donors like Japan who insists such a view are still few and faces some difficulties in the DAC discussions.
To continue stable, grass-rooted supports in the field, we need actions for aid policies and accumulate theoretical evidences that show the strengths of our method of aid provision and strengthen human resource development for development aid policies. Through this process, it is important to present good practices which came form Japanâ€™s long experience and knowledge for Capacity Development, among others in the field of basic infrastructure and private sectors to the High Level Forum in Korea in 2011.