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Conflicts involving waste treatment facilities mainly have two causes, one associated with the location of the facility and the other related to concerns and distrust of local residents. The Japanese government implemented measures to eliminate such causes of conflicts associated with waste treatment facilities by passing amendments to the Waste Disposal Act successively in 1997 and 1998. It is still true, however, that people are worried about the impact of such facilities on health, the living environment, and the natural environment and that they are concerned and distrustful because of a lack of information. To promote the construction of lawful facilities and shorten the procedures involved, The Report of the Committee on Waste Treatment Regulatory Systems (published on January 15, 2010 by the Committee on Waste Treatment Regulatory Systems of the Central Environment Council’s Waste Issues and Recycling Board), firstly, hopes to see progress in moving toward removing or loosening, at local government level, the mandate to reach agreement with local residents and, secondly, requests that there be increased communications about waste treatment by, for example, creating a mechanism to make information on facility maintenance and management more transparent so that people can correctly evaluate the risks associated with waste treatment operations.
In regard to the lack of information available on the implementation of Risk Communication for waste treatment facilities, central and prefectural governments should provide information about successful case and distribute the Risk Communication Manual on waste treatment facilities to the local residents and waste management traders.
Additionally, it is becoming increasingly necessary to develop and maintain waste treatment facilities taking into account the treatment of waste imported from other Asian countries. To help avoid nimbyism, it will be important to adopt a suitable policy for the movement of industrial waste across large areas and its subsequent use.