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  5. The Policymaking Process after Transition of Power

2010 Vol.4
The Policymaking Process after Transition of Power


Changing the process of policymaking was one of the objectives in the transition of power that occurred in Japan in September 2009. The Democratic Party listed its goals in its manifesto:integrated policy decisions under the Cabinet, “politician-led” policymaking with the three highest-ranking ministerial officials (Minister, Senior Vice Minister, and Parliamentary Secretary) playing a central role, the utilization of the Ministerial Committee designed to strengthen the role of ministers as members of the Cabinet, the strengthening of the functions of the Kantei (Prime Minister’s Office) through the utilization of the National Policy Unit, and the establishment of Government Revitalization Unit which reviews overall government affairs. This paper overviews the policymaking processes conducted after the transition of power in the context of budget screening processes, the preparation of a new growth strategy, and the management of legislative affairs, and summarizes future issues including the need for multifaceted assessment, the promotion of autonomous changes in actual policymaking processes, intra-party governance, and the management of legislative affairs.