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Twenty Years of the Shin-Nagata Project for Reconstruction from the Earthquake Disaster
As of January 2015, twenty years has passed since the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. This earthquake, whose epicenter was in an urban area, caused the greatest devastation in the postwar era, in those days. The post-earthquake reconstruction efforts were designed to rebuild the wide urban area affected by the disaster and they were the first reconstruction efforts since the postwar reconstruction efforts. Redevelopment projects were implemented while exploring ways to apply the existing urban planning framework to city centers affected by emergencies such as earthquakes. Among the areas affected by the disaster due to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, the area south of Shin-Nagata Station is where a large-scale urban redevelopment project was implemented because the damage there was particularly severe. Two goals were set for this area: rebuilding the lives of disaster victims and implementing community development that creates centers of activities. From these goals, it clear why the redevelopment project was conducted using an approach where urban infrastructure and individual buildings were developed in a unified manner. In the twenty years since the disaster, the two goals have been achieved to a certain extent, based on statistics such as population size. However, there is still a question of how various kinds of urban spaces created by the redevelopment project can be effectively utilized as resources in order to realize a sustainable community where people will continue to live. Accordingly, we hope that the abovementioned approach will be developed in the future.