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  4. Cultural Policies for Creative Aging

2016 Vol.4
Cultural Policies for Creative Aging


Here, the phrase “cultural policies for creative aging” is used to refer to cultural policies that target senior citizens or address the social issues they face. This paper starts with an overview of the current state of such policies in Japan, a super-aging society, for the areas of fine art, theater, music, novel, haiku, and film. Cultural policies for creative aging in the United States are also summarized. The paper then outlines examples of advanced policies in the United Kingdom and summarizes the result of a field study of Luminate, an aging-themed art festival in Scotland. To summarize the research findings, activities for creative aging are divided into four quadrants based on two criteria: how senior citizens are involved (i.e., actively or passively) and where activities take place (i.e., inside or outside senior care facilities). It is noted that some advanced programs cannot be contained within a single quadrant and extend over multiple quadrants. The paper concludes with eight policy proposals on Japan’s future cultural policies for creative aging: (1) organizing national festivals and establishing a platform organization, (2) expanding the types of art to be included, (3) transforming community centers nationwide into “creative aging centers,” (4) turning hot-spring inns nationwide into residence facilities for senior artists, (5) promoting the introduction of cultural programs in continuing care retirement communities, (6) creatively modifying the compensation system for care providers, (7) allocating one percent of the welfare and nursing budget to cultural and artistic activities, and (8) making creative aging one of the legacies of the 2020 Olympics.